The Western Maryland Railroad reache Blue Ridge Summit in 1872 on it way to Hagerstown, Maryland. It soon became a fashionable summer retreat for the elite of Baltimore and Washington for those seeking to escape the summer heat in the days before air conditioning. In its hey-day in the early 20th century the area boasted boarding houses (the bed & breakfasts of the day) hotels and an amusement park. It remained a resort until the depression in 1929 and following years of limited travel leading up to World War II.
In 1958, the railroad presented the deed to the station and 1 1/2 acres of land to Mrs. Robert Hearne, President of the Board of Directors of the library.
Blue Ridge Summit is known for being the birthplace of Wallis Simpson, the late wife of Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor (previously Edward VIII of the United Kingdom).